Saturday, October 6, 2012

Digraph /ng/


Explicit Phonics Lesson
Digraph /ng/

Note: Be sure that students understand that -ng is one sound. It is a velar nasal
                         sound. It is a voiced sound made with the mouth open and the tongue
                         closing the back of the throat so that the sound comes out of the 
                         nose.The g is not pronounced at the end of the sound. It is
                         /-ng/or /ŋ/, not /ŋ/ +/g/.

Day 1

Objective: Sound and blend words using the digraph /ng/
          What do we call two letters that work together to make one sound?                       Digraph
          Which digraphs have we already studied?     ck    th
          What picture reminds us of the sound of ck?    kite  /ck/
          -ck is used after what kind of vowel sound?   a short vowel sound
          What are the sounds of th?      /th/  and /th/(unvoiced as in thin, thumb;                                                              voiced as in feather,this, those)
          What has to show to make the /th/ sound?  your tongue
          What is the spelling for the thumb and feather sounds?   th
          Today we are going to study a new digraph.  -ng.   -ng makes the /ng/ sound as at the end of the word ring.  -ng makes a single sound and the sound comes through the nose. To make this sound, your jaw should drop open with your tongue cutting off the air at the back of your mouth so the sound comes out of your nose. This picture of a ring will remind you of the sound the digraph ng makes.  /ŋ/ The digraph -ng usually comes at the end of a word. That is why there is a line in front of the spelling. It shows that other letters must come in front of it.

          Listen to these words and see if you can hear the /ŋ/ sound or not.  If you hear the /ŋ/ sound in the word, I want you to give me a thumbs up.  If you don’t hear /ŋ/ in the word, give me a thumbs down.  So if I say ring, you would give me a thumbs up because the /ŋ/ sound is at the end of the word ring.  If I say rig, you would give me a thumbs down because you do not hear /ŋ/ in the word rig.

king             ring             ping             zing             hang            song
kick             rig               pig               sling            sag              sang

          Use the decoding procedure as in previous lessons.  After all the words have been decoded, take time to talk about the meanings of any words that might be unknown.
          sting            wing             bang            king
          bring           gang            thing           fang
          fling            throng         slang            long

Some clues might be:
          1.   a long, pointed tooth                                fang
          2.  antonym for take                                     bring
          3.  antonym of short                                     long
          4.  male ruler of a country                            king 
          5.  what a bird uses to fly                             wing
          6.  sudden loud noise (onomatopoeia word)      bang
          7.  words used when talking at home or
                    with friends                                       slang
          8.  a group of people                                     gang
          9.  an object that can be seen or touched        thing
          10.  throw with force                                     fling
          11.  a crowd                                                   throng 

When there is only one word left (sting), have the buddies read the last word.  Each buddy then uses the word in a sentence.

Decodable Text
          Practice reading words in text using the decoding practice page.

Day 2

What do we call two consonants that work together to make one sound?  digraph
What sound does the digraph -ck make? /k/
What kind of vowel sound comes before the -ck spelling?  A short vowel sound
What is the spelling for the /th/ and /th/ sounds?  th
What is the spelling for the /ŋ/ sound?  ng
What picture reminds us of the /ŋ/ sound?  ring
Does -ng usually come at the beginning or the end of a word?  end
(Be sure to use picture cues for –ck, th, and –ng.)

          I am going to say some words that end with the same sound and some words that do not end with the same sound.  When you hear two words that end with the same sound, give me a thumbs up sign.  If I say king, sing, you would give a thumbs up sign because king and sing end with the same sound.  If I say king, kind you would give a thumbs down sign because king and kind do not sound the same at the end.
ding - hang            frog - king             bang – wrong         sing - grin
wing - hung            long - spring          ring - run              fling - flip
sling - wing            mix - ming             bing - thing           long - throng

          Use the same procedure that was used on Day 1.
          cling            gong            hang            sing            
          song             tongs           strong         lungs
          string          along            pang            rang

1.  antonym for weak                                              strong
2.  a thin, round piece of metal that makes
          a loud,ringing noise when struck                    gong
4.  a poem set to music                                          song
3.  to fasten to something above                            hang
4.  to make music with your voice                           sing
5.  a tool used to pick up things                             tongs
6.  Yesterday he ___ the bell.                               rang
7.  to follow in the same direction                          along
8.  two balloon-like organs in your chest that
            you use to breathe with                            lungs
9.  antonym for correct                                        wrong
10.  a sudden sharp pain                                        pang
11.  to hang on to something or someone                  cling

Have students read the last word (string) to their partner.  Then each makes up a sentence using the word.  Have them go for 7-Up sentences (7 or more words in the sentence).

Decodable Text
          Use –ng phrases to practice reading words in context.  The first time through have them follow as you read.  The second time, have them chorally read with you.  Then the Buddies can take turns reading to each other.

Day 3
What do we call two consonants that work together to make one sound?  digraph
What is the sound of the -ck digraph? /k/
What is the sound of the th digraph? /th/ and /th/
What is the sound of the -ng digraph? /ŋ/
Where do we almost always see the -ng spelling?  at the end

Encoding:  Dictation
Use the dictation procedure.   Be sure to make them ask, “Which spelling?” when more than one spelling is possible.

1. /th/th     /ĭ/ i      /ŋ/ ng      /ă/ a
2.  wing                 thing           sting
3.  bang                 sang             long
4.  slang                 string
Hang that thing with a long string.
 Decodable Text:
          Practice reading the –ng phrases following the procedure used on day 2.

Day 4
Review: Have the class decode 6 to 8 /ŋ/ words on the board or on flashcards.

Word Building or Word Chaining
          Use as much as you feel as appropriate.
wing             bang            thin            song  
ring             gang            thing           long
bring           pang                              bong
                   fang             fin             gong
                   sang             fling
                   slang            sing
Decodable Text
          Use the –ng sentences to practice reading words in context.  Follow the format of the phrase reading.
Day 5
What is the spelling for the digraph/ŋ/ ? -ng
What sounds does the digraph th make? /th/ and /th/
The digraph -ck is used after a  (short) vowel sound.
-ng and -ck are usually used at the  (end)  of a word.
What are the thumb and feather sounds? /th/ /th/
What is the kite sound? /k/ spelled ck

1. /a/ a        /ŋ/ ng     /str/ str         /th/ th       /o/ o
2.  sand        sing             song
3.  rang        king             lung             
4.  sprang    strong
5.  That strong man rang the gong.

Decodable Text:
Use –ng sentences to practice rereading with a buddy.

Decoding Practice 1
  sting     wing    king   bring   slang

  gang     thing   bang  fling    long

a black wing                
a long song
bang the drum            
bring it to me

1.  Bring six eggs to eat.

2.  An ant bit will sting.

3.  Gangs can be bad.

4.  What is that thing?

5.  The big cat had fangs.

6.  Do not fling the bat at that thing.

7.  The throng of men is big.

8.  We do not talk slang at school.

Decoding Practice 2
    gong     hang      sing    tongs    song

    rang     strong   lung    string   pang

the king’s ring                   
strong legs
hang it up                          
sing a song

1.  Mr. Yang rang the bell.

2.  Hang your hat up.

3.  We plan to sing a long song.

4.  Tongs help you pick up things.

5.  Hit the gong at dusk.

6.  If you run, you get strong lungs.

7.  The boy sang a song for the class.

8.  The king said, “Bring my ring!”

ng Phrases

1.  get the hang of it        11.  bug sting

2.  hit the gong                12.  six wings

3.  hang your hat              13.  bang of a drum

4.  sing a long song            14.  king’s ring

5.  strong tongs                15.  end of spring

6.  who rang                      16.  gang slang

7.  strong talk                   17.  throng of kids

8.  lungs are pink               18.  a long string

9.  cling the thing

10. go up in a swing
ng   Sentences

1.  The bug stung me!

2.  Can you see the wings of the jet?

3.  “Clang-clang,” went the bell.

4.  His leg will swing in a sling.

5.  Bring your things with you.

6.  A gang of men sing a long song.

7.  Don’t drop that thing!

8.  The fang of a cat can prick your hand.

9.  Don’t fling the milk on me!

10.  A throng of kids play at the pond.

11.  Slang is not school talk.

12.  She sang a sad song.

13. I have six long bits of string.

14. The gong’s song was long!
15. I can hang my hat or set it on the step.

16. The king will hang the ring in spring.

17. The string of shells is long.

18.  The boy who sang the song is tall.

19. The spring has sprung.

20.  Nick got the tongs to pick up the hot dogs.

21.  I think I have the hang of it now.


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